6 The point is this: whoever sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and whoever sows bountifully will also reap bountifully. 7 Each one must give as he has decided in his heart, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver. 8 And God is able to make all grace abound to you, so that having all sufficiency in all things at all times, you may abound in every good work. 9 As it is written,
“He has distributed freely, he has given to the poor;
his righteousness endures forever.”
10 He who supplies seed to the sower and bread for food will supply and multiply your seed for sowing and increase the harvest of your righteousness. 11 You will be enriched in every way to be generous in every way, which through us will produce thanksgiving to God.
Paul's impassioned appeal to the wealthy church at Corinth implores them to give generously to the struggling church in Jerusalem. He pulls out all the stops, even quoting the Exodus story of God’s provision of manna to eat in the desert: “As it is written, ‘Whoever gathered much had nothing left over, and whoever gathered little had no lack’” [2 Corinthians 8:15].
This passage is chiefly concerned with generosity and cheerfulness in giving. “God loves a cheerful giver,” as Paul says [2 Corinthians 9:7]. Yet before there could be giving there must have been earning. Business people—farmers, craftsmen and merchants—must produce goods that result in an abundance out of which to give. Charles Wesley put it this way: “Earn all you can, save all you can, give all you can.”
The Corinthians must have been good business people, as business can create honorable wealth that supports righteous and generous giving. Unless the Corinthians were good stewards of their time and talent, there would not have been an abundance to share in the first place. The virtue of business lies in its ability to create and provide goods for a healthy society, thereby contributing to shalom, which is prosperity and well-being for the sake of the common good. It takes business to do that, and it's what business does best.
Paul recognizes the necessity of business to provide honorable wealth, and points out God’s grace at work in the gift of fruitful business: “He who supplies seed to the sower and bread for food will supply and multiply your seed for sowing and increase the harvest of your righteousness” [v. 10].
God’s concern for the poor is matched by his concern that the rich share their resources for the sake of the common good and for their own spiritual health, through obedience to the command to love God and neighbor. However, God’s claim on abundance is not intended to be a one-way street. God does not mandate a perpetual cycle of redistribution that creates dependency. Paul is clear that his appeal for aid is temporary: “[Y]our abundance at the present time should supply their need, so that their abundance may supply your need, that there may be fairness [2 Corinthians 8:14]. The overarching aim is that the poor also will be engaged in fruitful work that lifts them out of their present circumstances, and the virtue of business can be seen in the provision of meaningful work so that none should be poor.
By God’s grace, this virtue of business is meant to “increase the harvest of your righteousness” for all people.
© Bruce D. Baker, 2014